Understanding Dualeotruyen: The Art of Vietnamese Storytelling

Dualeotruyen is an ancient Vietnamese tradition of storytelling that has been passed down from generation to generation. It is a unique form of storytelling that combines music, dance, and acting to create a mesmerizing and immersive experience for the audience. In this blog post, we will explore the history and significance of Dualeotruyen, as well as its elements & role in Vietnamese culture.

What is Dualeotruyen?

Dualeotruyen is a form of storytelling that originated in Vietnam. It is performed by a single person or a group of performers who use their voices, gestures, and facial expressions to convey a story to the audience. The stories are usually based on traditional folk tales, legends, or historical events, & are often accompanied by music and dance.

The term “Dualeotruyen” is derived from three Vietnamese words: “dua” (play), “leo” (climb), and “truyen” (story). This reflects the physicality of the performance, as the performers climb up a ladder to a raised platform to perform, & the narrative aspect of the art form.

The History of Dualeotruyen

Dualeotruyen has a rich history that dates back to the Ly dynasty in the 11th century. It was originally performed by itinerant performers who traveled from village to village to entertain the locals. Over time, it evolved into a more refined art form, and was performed at royal courts & temples.

During the French colonial period in the late 19th and early 20th century, Dualeotruyen faced a decline in popularity as the French authorities banned many traditional Vietnamese practices. However, it experienced a revival in the 1950s and 60s, when it became a popular form of entertainment in Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) & other cities.

Today, Dualeotruyen is still performed in Vietnam, although it is mainly confined to rural areas and small towns. There are efforts to preserve and promote the art form, with the establishment of cultural centers and festivals dedicated to Dualeotruyen.

The Elements of Dualeotruyen

Dualeotruyen is characterized by its use of music, dance, and acting to convey a story to the audience. The performers use a variety of instruments, including drums, flutes, and cymbals, to create a rhythmic accompaniment to the story. The music is an essential component of the performance, and often sets the mood & tone for the narrative.

The dance in Dualeotruyen is also an important element. The performers use a variety of dance styles, including traditional Vietnamese dances, to add visual interest and emotion to the performance. The dance movements are often highly choreographed and synchronized, and are designed to complement the music and story.

The acting in Dualeotruyen is another key component. The performers use their voices, facial expressions, and body language to convey the emotions and actions of the characters in the story. They often use humor, satire, and irony to engage the audience & add depth to the narrative.

The Role of Dualeotruyen in Vietnamese Culture

Dualeotruyen has played a significant role in Vietnamese culture throughout its history. It has been used to pass on traditional stories and legends, as well as to entertain and educate the local population. It is also considered a form of cultural heritage and identity, and is often performed during important festivals and celebrations.

In addition to its cultural significance, Dualeotruyen has also been used as a means of social commentary and critique. Many Dualeotruyen performances have addressed social issues such as corruption, poverty, and injustice, using humor & satire to bring attention to these issues.

Today, Dualeotruyen continues to be an important part of Vietnamese cultural heritage. While it is not as widely performed as it once was, there are efforts to preserve and promote the art form through cultural centers and festivals. Dualeotruyen is also increasingly being recognized as an important aspect of Vietnam’s intangible cultural heritage, and has been included on UNESCO’s list of Masterpieces of the Oral & Intangible Heritage of Humanity.

The Future of Dualeotruyen

As with many traditional art forms, the future of Dualeotruyen is uncertain. While there are efforts to preserve and promote the art form, it faces competition from modern forms of entertainment such as television and the internet. Additionally, the decline of rural areas & the movement of young people to urban areas may limit the audience for Dualeotruyen.

However, there are reasons to be optimistic about the future of Dualeotruyen. The art form has survived for centuries and has proven to be adaptable to changing social and political circumstances. Additionally, the recognition of Dualeotruyen as an important aspect of Vietnamese cultural heritage may lead to increased support & investment in preserving and promoting the art form.

You can read this similar topics article:


Dualeotruyen is an ancient and unique art form that has played a significant role in Vietnamese culture throughout its history. Its use of music, dance, and acting to convey stories has captivated audiences for centuries, & its social commentary and critique have made it an important aspect of Vietnamese society. While its future may be uncertain, efforts to preserve and promote the art form offer hope that Dualeotruyen will continue to be an important part of Vietnamese cultural heritage for generations to come.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button